Situated between Washington and Montana, and touching borders with Oregon, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming to the south, Idaho is the 14th largest state in the US with 83,500 square miles. 63% of the state is public land managed by the federal government, and the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness is the largest wilderness in the contiguous US. The state contains 44 counties, and 19.4% of the population resides in "frontier" counties. The largest county is Idaho County with 8,500 square miles, and the most populous is Ada County, containing the capital and largest city of Boise, with 383,000 residents.
Idaho has a population of 1.5 million according to the 2008 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Idaho's population is 85.1% white, 10.2% Hispanic, 1.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, with 1.7% reporting more than one ethnicity. The total American Indian and Alaska Native population is 16,656, ranking Idaho as 30th in the country. Idaho tribal organizations include Coeur d'Alene, Confederated Salish and Kootenai, Nez Perce, Northwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation, and the Shoshone-Bannock.