Situated between Washington and Montana, and touching borders with Oregon, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming to the south, Idaho is the 14th largest state in the US with 83,500 square miles. 63% of the state is public land managed by the federal government, and the Frank Church River of No Return Wilderness is the largest wilderness in the contiguous US. The state contains 44 counties, and 19.4% of the population resides in "frontier" counties. The largest county is Idaho County with 8,500 square miles, and the most populous is Ada County, containing the capital and largest city of Boise, with 383,000 residents.
Idaho has a population of 1.5 million according to the 2008 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Idaho's population is 85.1% white, 10.2% Hispanic, 1.5% American Indian and Alaska Native, with 1.7% reporting more than one ethnicity. The total American Indian and Alaska Native population is 16,656, ranking Idaho as 30th in the country. Idaho tribal organizations include Coeur d'Alene, Confederated Salish and Kootenai, Nez Perce, Northwestern Band of the Shoshone Nation, and the Shoshone-Bannock.
Medically Underserved Areas/Populations
MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding. The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database.
Federal Government Information
FedStats provides access to statistics prepared by over 100 federal agencies. Statistics are available on a state and community level.
State and Local Government on the Net provides links to government information on a state and local level for the fifty states, as well as selected US territories.
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