Situated along the Canadian border in western United States, Montana is the fourth largest state in the nation with 147,138 square miles. It is a rugged, rural state with a sparse population. The capital is Helena, located just east of the Rocky Mountains. Towards the east and south is Billings, Montana's largest city, with a population of 90,000 people. Montana is the home of Yellowstone National Park, the first and oldest national park in the world (established on March 1, 1872), and Glacier National Park. Montana contains 56 counties, of which 45 qualify as "frontier" counties. The largest (area) county is Rosebud, with 5,140 square miles, located north and east of Billings. The most populated county, Yellowstone, includes the city of Billings.
Montana has a population of just over 967,000 residents according to the 2008 U.S. Bureau of the Census Population Estimates Program. Montana's population is 87.9% white, 6.4% American Indian/Alaska Native and 3.0% Hispanic with 1.7% reporting more than one ethnicity. The largest tribal organizations in Montana include the Blackfeet Nation, the Crow Tribe, and the Fort Peck Tribes (Sioux and Assiniboine).
Medically Underserved Areas/Populations
MUA/Ps are areas or populations designated by the Shortage Designation Branch, part of the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) as not having sufficient access to medical care. If an area is designated MUA, then the entire population is covered, if the designation is MUP, only a specific population is. Occasionally, regions receive a designation of GOV, which means that the state governor requested that the area be included due to local barriers and/or health conditions. The MUA/P designation is often important when obtaining grants or other funding. The most accurate and up-to-date source of this information is the HRSA database.